Donation in the world
Today in 62 foreign countries of the world (USA, Great Britain, Switzerland, Spain, etc.) donation is free of charge. Donors do not receive monetary compensation for donating blood. As an incentive, the organizers of the crawfish usually give them souvenirs and provide light snacks.
In the United States, the main motives for donating blood are a sense of civic responsibility and the opportunity to save lives for both close people and those who are completely unfamiliar. Specialized sites on the Internet publish stories of people whose lives were saved thanks to transfusion of donor blood. In addition, the donation for many is a family tradition.
In America, January is the national month of donation.
In Britain, the structure that collects and transfused blood appeared in 1946, even earlier than the unified health system (1948) was created. The National Blood Service of Great Britain (NBS) pays great attention to working with permanent donors, as well as attracting new ones. This work is carried out through the organization's website, special media information campaigns and outreach activities through the regional offices of the organization, as well as local polyclinics and hospitals.
The "Donor" magazine is published twice a year, which is distributed free of charge in shopping centers, offices and other places of mass gathering.
In the system of German donation there are three components:
- Blood services of the German Red Cross (NCC),
- Blood services of federal lands and communities (for example, university clinics),
- Centers for plasmapheresis (independent private blood services) in the pharmaceutical industry.
Many private donor centers try to attract citizens to donors in the following way: each donor, who brought two people to the center, gets a gift certificate worth 10 euros, which allows participating in the drawing of valuable prizes.
The issues of donation in France are in the competence of the state. The French blood organization is a public entity operating under the auspices of the Ministry of Health of France. But the advancement and advertising of donors is mostly done by non-governmental organizations of various types.
The largest non-governmental institution is the French Federation of Voluntary Blood Donors, an organization that unites regional donor associations. In addition to preparing one-off events to promote donation, the organization also engages in long-term programs, within the framework of which training seminars are held, mobile blood collection points in universities are located, information products and souvenirs are distributed.
In Switzerland, the blood transfusion service (SPK), which was established in 1939 for the needs of the Second World War, exclusively deals with donorship. Since January 1, 2000, the Service has been transformed into an autonomous association within the framework of the Swiss Red Cross. Its members: 13 regional blood transfusion services and the Swiss Red Cross. It was the regional services that were tasked with conducting campaigns in the cantons to attract donors.
Most people know very little about donation and therefore trust the most unreasonable myths...