Donation in the world
There are free of charge donation in 62 foreign countries of the world (USA, Great Britain, Switzerland, Spain, etc.) today. Donors do not receive monetary compensation for donating blood. As an encouragement, the organizers of the blood donation usually give them souvenirs and provide refreshments.
Donors in the Czech Republic do not receive cash payments. After the donation, the donor receives a voucher for 3 euros for refreshments. Also, all donors are entitled to a day off without salary loss. However, not many take advantage of this.
There are a number of awards for donors in the Czech Republic:
- the first donation — a sign «a drop of blood»
- 10th donation - bronze medal
- 20th donation - silver medal
- 40th donation - gold medal.
These medals bear the name of Professor Jan Jansky, who discovered the fourth blood type, and also gave the blood types serial designations in Roman numerals: I, II, III, IV. His classification was officially approved in 1921. The awarding of these medals takes place in an official setting once a year and is carried out by the Red Cross.
The non-profit organization SanquinBloodSupply is responsible for providing hospitals with donated blood components in the Netherlands. There are more than 300 blood sampling points throughout the country. Most of them are open Monday to Thursday from 12:30 to 20:00 and Friday from 08:00 to 11:00.
After the first successful donation, the donor receives a letter by mail with a plastic card of the blood bank. It reflects the name of the donor, his blood type, the history donations. The donor must have this card with him every time he visits the Center.
Donation of blood and its components is 100% free of charge in the Netherlands. Regular donors are not given any compensation or additional day off on the day of donation. After the blood sampling procedure, the donor is offered a snack at the donor buffet.
More than 400 thousand donors are registered in Sweden. About 250,000 of them donate blood at least once a year. Anyone can donate blood during working hours voluntarily and free of charge.
There are more than 90 Blood Centers in the country, most of which are located at hospitals. The rest of the blood sampling points are located in shopping centers, subways, etc. In addition, the Swedish Blood Service operates several mobile blood collection stations (so-called Donor Buses) that travel to small towns and villages. With their help, they also carry out joint donor campaigns with large business centers.
There are several blood banks in Israel. The largest of them is located in the Tel Hashomer medical center.
Approximately 78% of all blood for transfusion received by Israeli hospitals comes from here. The second largest blood bank is located in Haifa and serves all hospitals in northern Israel.
According to Israeli law, the Hematology Center («Merkaz Shirutei Dam») of the Magen David Adom Service (MADA) collects donated blood. There is a MADA branch in every city. In smaller communities, including agricultural settlements and kibbutzim, mobile blood collection stations arrive.
The only way to encourage donation in Israel is the so-called hematological insurance, which is provided by MADA. Such insurance covers not only the donor himself, but also his next of kin. Its validity is 1 year from the date of donation. Insurance is only possible at MADA blood collection points.
The Japanese Red Cross is the only organization in Japan authorized to collect blood and its components from donors.
For 10, 30, 50, 70 and 100 donations, donors are rewarded with various glass cups. Donor groups and donor promoters are awarded certificates of appreciation for 5 and 10 years of activity, and commemorative plaques for 15 and 20 years of activity.
No money is given to donors. There are one-time payments to donors who have developed an adverse reaction (most often fainting). The basis for this extradition is the rules approved by the national government on October 1, 2006. Their goal is to demonstrate the safety and security of participation for the donor.
In China, both a citizen of the country and any visitor can become a donor.
According to the Department of Donor Affairs in the Shanghai Administration, there are more and more foreign donors in China. This is a significant assistance to the country's medical services in replenishing stocks of blood products, especially rare types.
The country does not provide any social privileges to donors. All the donor can receive after the donation procedure is a souvenir from the local Blood Center.
In the United States, the main motives for donating blood are a sense of civic responsibility and the ability to save the life of both loved ones and complete strangers. There are stories of people whose lives were saved thanks to a blood transfusion on specialized web sites. In addition, donation is a family tradition for many.
January is a national donation month in America.
The structure for the collection and transfusion of blood appeared in
the UK in 1946, even before the creation of a unified health
system (1948). The National Blood Service of Great Britain (NBS) pays
great attention to working with regular donors, as well as attracting
new ones. This work is carried out through the organization's website,
special media campaigns and local outreach through the organization's
regional offices, as well as local clinics and hospitals.
The Donor magazine is published twice a year and distributed free of charge in shopping malls, offices and other crowded places.
There are three components in the German donation system:
- Blood Services of the German Red Cross (GRC),
- Blood services of the federal states and communities (as university clinics),
- Plasmapheresis Centers (independent private Blood Services) in the pharmaceutical industry.
Many private donor centers try to attract citizens to donate in the following way: donor bringing two people to the center is given a certificate worth 10 euros, which allows them to participate in the prize draw.
Donation in France are in the competence of the government. The
French blood organization is a public entity operating under the
auspices of the French Ministry of Health. But the promotion and
advertising of donation is largely done by non-governmental
organizations of various types.
The largest non-governmental institution is the French Federation of Voluntary Blood Donors, an organization that unites regional donor associations. In addition to preparing one-time events to promote donation, the organization is also engaged in long-term programs, within which training seminars are held, mobile blood collection points are placed in universities, information products and souvenirs are distributed.
Blood donation In Switzerland is exclusively handled by the Blood Transfusion Service (BTS), which was established in 1939 for the needs of the Second World War. On January 1, 2000, the Service was transformed into an autonomous association within the Swiss Red Cross. Its members are 13 regional blood transfusion services and the Swiss branch of the Red Cross. It was the regional services that were entrusted with the task of campaigning in the cantons to attract donors.
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