Blood donation contraindications
Every healthy person over 18 years old with no contraindications to donation and weight more than 50 kg can become a donor.
But only a man with a capital letter can become a donor of blood and its components. A person who is willing to get up early, spend his time to save someone's life.
At each visit to the Blood Service institution, a potential donor undergoes a free medical examination, which includes an appointment with a transfusiologist and a preliminary laboratory test.
At the same time, there are a number of contraindications to donation: permanent, that do not depend on the duration of the disease and the results of treatment, and temporary - valid only for a certain period.
Permanent contraindications are infectious and parasitic diseases, oncology, blood diseases, and a number of other conditions.
Perhaps you will be disappointed that you are not be able to make donation in the presence of absolute contraindications.
However, the Blood Service hopes that you will understand our main task - ensuring the safety of blood donor components for patients.
The presence of contraindications to donation does not mean that you can not contribute to the development of voluntary blood donation!
In the section «Volunteers» you can learn how to help the Donor Movement. Save lives with the Blood Service!
Temporary contraindications have different terms depending on the cause. The most common prohibitions are: tatto, piercing or acupuncture treatment (120 calendar days), tonsillitis, influenza, SARS (30 calendar days after recovery), pregnancy and lactation (1 year after childbirth, 90 calendar days after lactation), vaccinations.
List of medical contraindications for donating blood and its components
(according to the Order of the Health Ministry of the Russian Federation dated October 28, 2020 No. 1166n «On approval of the procedure for donors to undergo a medical examination and a list of medical contraindications (temporary and permanent) for donating blood and (or) its components and the timing of the withdrawal to which a person is subject if temporary medical contraindications, from donation of blood and (or) its components»)
Permanent medical contraindications
- disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B and C viruses,
- syphilis, congenital or acquired,
- tuberculosis (all forms),
- leprosy (Gansen's disease),
- African trypanosomiasis,
- Chagas disease,
- chronic Q fever,
- a repeated positive test result for markers of the disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection),
- a repeated positive test result for markers of viral hepatitis B and C,
- repeated positive test result for markers of the causative agent of syphilis.
- hypertensive (hypertonic) heart disease II - III degree,
- cardiac ischemia,
- thromboangiitis obliterans,
- nonspecific aortoarteritis,
- phlebitis and thrombophlebitis,
- heart disease (congenital, acquired).
- bronchial asthma,
- Achilles gastritis,
- chronic liver diseases, including unspecified, toxic liver damage,
- calculous cholecystitis with recurring attacks and cholangitis phenomena,
- cirrhosis of the liver.
- diffuse and focal lesions of the kidneys,
- urolithiasis disease.
- chorioretinal inflammation,
- myopia 6 diopters or more.
- pemphigus (pemphigus),
Temporary medical contraindications
Bloodborne diseases — infectious diseases, the causative agent of which can be transmitted with donated blood or its components.
Transfusion — (from the Latin tranfusio — «transfusion») — an operation to transfuse the components or products of donor blood to the recipient.
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