Contraindications to donation
Almost any healthy person can become a donor, if he is over 18 years old, has no contraindications to donation, and his weight is more than 50 kg.
On the other hand, only a Man with a capital letter can become a donor of blood and its components. A person who is ready to get up early, spend his time to save someone's life.
Prior to the procedure, a potential donor undergoes a free medical examination, which includes receiving by a transfusiologist and a preliminary laboratory test.
At the same time, there are a number of contraindications to donation: absolute, that is, independent of the duration of the disease and the results of treatment, and temporary - only a certain period of time.
Absolute contraindications are the presence of such serious diseases as HIV infection, syphilis, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, blood diseases, oncological diseases and others.
Perhaps you will be disappointed that you will not be able to make donation in the presence of absolute contraindications.
However, the Blood Service hopes that you will understand our main task - ensuring the safety of blood donor components for patients.
The presence of contraindications to donation does not mean that you can not contribute to the development of voluntary blood donation!
In the section «Volunteers» you can learn how to help the Donor Movement. Save lives with the Blood Service!
Temporary contraindications have different terms depending on the cause. The most common prohibitions are: tooth extraction (10 days), tattooing, piercing or acupuncture treatment (1 year), sore throat, flu, SARS (1 month after recovery), menstruation (5 days after graduation), abortion (6 months ), the period of pregnancy and lactation (1 year after childbirth, 3 months after the end of lactation), vaccinations.
The list of contraindications to blood donation and its components
(according to the Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of September 14, 2001, No. 364 «On approval of the procedure for the medical examination of the blood donor and its components»)
- AIDS, HIV infection and people at risk
- Syphilis, congenital or acquired
- Viral hepatitis, a positive test result for markers of viral hepatitis (HBsAg, anti-HCV antibodies)
- Tuberculosis, all forms
- Guinea worm
- hypertensive disease II III century.
- cardiac ischemia
- atherosclerosis, atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis
- obliterating endoarteritis, nonspecific aortoarteritis, recurrent thrombophlebitis
- endocarditis, myocarditis
- heart disease
- bronchial asthma
- bronchoectatic disease, emphysema, obstructive bronchitis, diffuse pneumosclerosis in the stage of decompensation
- achilles gastritis
- peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
- chronic liver diseases, including toxic nature and unclear etiology
- Calculous cholecystitis with recurrent attacks and cholangitis
- cirrhosis of the liver.
- diffuse and focal lesions of the kidneys
- urolithiasis disease
- other acute and chronic severe purulent inflammatory diseases
- residual uveitis phenomena (iritis, iridocyclitis, chorioretinitis)
- high myopia (6 D or more)
- total blindness
- common skin diseases of inflammatory and infectious nature
- generalized psoriasis, erythroderma, eczema, pyoderma, sycosis, lupus erythematosus, bladder dermatosis
- fungal skin lesions (microsporia, trichophytosis, favus, epidermophytia) and internal organs (deep mycoses)
- pustular skin diseases (pyoderma, furunculosis, sycosis)
- hepatitis A
- hepatitis B and C
- malaria in history in the absence of symptoms and negative results of immunological tests
- typhoid fever after recovery and complete clinical examination in the absence of severe functional disorders
- tonsillitis, flu, ARVI
- Inoculation with killed vaccines (hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, paratyphoid, cholera, influenza), toxoids
- vaccination with live vaccines (brucellosis, plague, tularemia, BCG vaccine, smallpox, rubella, oral poliomyelitis), administration of tetanus antitetan (in the absence of severe inflammation at the injection site)
- the introduction of immunoglobulin against hepatitis B
- vaccination against rabies
- analgesics, salicylates
- increase in activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than 2 times
- re-increase or increase of ALT 2 or more times
Blood transfusion diseases - diseases resulting from blood transfusion
Transfusion - blood transfusion
If the donor has diseases that are not included in this list, the issue of admission to donation is decided by a doctor - a transfusiologist and the corresponding specialist (s).
Most people know very little about donation and therefore trust the most unreasonable myths...