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Contraindications to donation

Almost any healthy person can become a donor, if he is over 18 years old, has no contraindications to donation, and his weight is more than 50 kg.

On the other hand, only a Man with a capital letter can become a donor of blood and its components. A person who is ready to get up early, spend his time to save someone's life.


CONTRAINDICATIONS

Prior to the procedure, a potential donor undergoes a free medical examination, which includes receiving by a transfusiologist and a preliminary laboratory test.

At the same time, there are a number of contraindications to donation: absolute, that is, independent of the duration of the disease and the results of treatment, and temporary - only a certain period of time.

Absolute contraindications are the presence of such serious diseases as HIV infection, syphilis, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, blood diseases, oncological diseases and others.

Perhaps you will be disappointed that you will not be able to make donation in the presence of absolute contraindications.
However, the Blood Service hopes that you will understand our main task - ensuring the safety of blood donor components for patients.

The presence of contraindications to donation does not mean that you can not contribute to the development of voluntary blood donation!
In the section «Volunteers» you can learn how to help the Donor Movement. Save lives with the Blood Service!

Temporary contraindications have different terms depending on the cause. The most common prohibitions are: tooth extraction (10 days), tattooing, piercing or acupuncture treatment (1 year), sore throat, flu, SARS (1 month after recovery), menstruation (5 days after graduation), abortion (6 months ), the period of pregnancy and lactation (1 year after childbirth, 3 months after the end of lactation), vaccinations.


The list of contraindications to blood donation and its components

(according to the Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of September 14, 2001, No. 364 «On approval of the procedure for the medical examination of the blood donor and its components»)


Absolute contraindications

1. Hemotransmitive diseases
 
1.2. Infectious:
  • AIDS, HIV infection and people at risk
  • Syphilis, congenital or acquired
  • Viral hepatitis, a positive test result for markers of viral hepatitis (HBsAg, anti-HCV antibodies)
  • Tuberculosis, all forms
  • Brucellosis
  • Typhus
  • Tularemia
  • Leprosy.
1.2. Parasitic:
  • Echinococcosis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Trypanosomiasis
  • Filariatosis
  • Guinea worm
  • Leishmaniasis.
2. Somatic diseases
 
2.1. Malignant neoplasms
 
2.2. Diseases of the blood
 
2.3. Organic diseases of the central nervous system
 
2.4. Complete absence of hearing and speech
 
2.5. Mental diseases
 
2.6. Drug addiction, alcoholism
 
2.7. Cardiovascular diseases:
  • hypertensive disease II III century.
  • cardiac ischemia
  • atherosclerosis, atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis
  • obliterating endoarteritis, nonspecific aortoarteritis, recurrent thrombophlebitis
  • endocarditis, myocarditis
  • heart disease
2.8. Diseases of the respiratory system:
  • bronchial asthma
  • bronchoectatic disease, emphysema, obstructive bronchitis, diffuse pneumosclerosis in the stage of decompensation
2.9. Diseases of the digestive system:
  • achilles gastritis
  • peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
2.10. Diseases of the liver and biliary tract:
  • chronic liver diseases, including toxic nature and unclear etiology
  • Calculous cholecystitis with recurrent attacks and cholangitis
  • cirrhosis of the liver.
2.11. Diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract in the decompensation stage:
  • diffuse and focal lesions of the kidneys
  • urolithiasis disease
2.12. Diffuse connective tissue diseases
 
2.13. Radiation sickness
 
2.14. Diseases of the endocrine system in the case of pronounced impairment of functions and metabolism
 
2.15. Diseases of ENT organs:
  • lake
  • other acute and chronic severe purulent inflammatory diseases
2.16. Eye diseases:
  • residual uveitis phenomena (iritis, iridocyclitis, chorioretinitis)
  • high myopia (6 D or more)
  • trachoma
  • total blindness
2.17. Skin diseases:
  • common skin diseases of inflammatory and infectious nature
  • generalized psoriasis, erythroderma, eczema, pyoderma, sycosis, lupus erythematosus, bladder dermatosis
  • fungal skin lesions (microsporia, trichophytosis, favus, epidermophytia) and internal organs (deep mycoses)
  • pustular skin diseases (pyoderma, furunculosis, sycosis)
2.18. Osteomyelitis acute and chronic
 
2.19. Operative interventions for organ resection (stomach, kidney, gall bladder, spleen, ovaries, uterus, etc.) and organ and tissue transplantation
 

Temporary contraindications

Names
Term of withdrawal from donation
1.  Factors of infection with blood-borne diseases *
 
Blood transfusions *, its components (except for burn convalescent individuals and those immunized to the Rh factor)
6 months
Operative interventions, incl. abortion (a medical certificate is required) (excerpts from the medical history) about the nature and date of the operation
6 months from the day of surgery
Tattooing, piercing or acupuncture treatment
1 year from the end of procedures
Stay in foreign missions lasting more than 2 months
6 months
Staying in the malaria endemic countries of the tropical and subtropical climate (Asia, Africa, South and Central America) for more than 3 months
3 years
Contact with patients with hepatitis:
 
  • hepatitis A
3 months
  • hepatitis B and C
1 year
2.  Postponed diseases
 
2.1. Infectious diseases not listed in the section «Absolute contraindications»:
 
  • malaria in history in the absence of symptoms and negative results of immunological tests
3 years
  • typhoid fever after recovery and complete clinical examination in the absence of severe functional disorders
1 year
  • tonsillitis, flu, ARVI
1 month after recovery
2.2. Other infectious diseases not listed in the section «Absolute contraindications» and 2.1 of this section
6 months after recovery
2.3. Extraction of the tooth
10 days
2.4. Acute or chronic inflammatory processes in the exacerbation stage, regardless of location
1 month after acute acute period
2.5. Vegeto-vascular dystonia
1 month
2.6. Allergic diseases in the acute stage
2 months after cupping of acute period
3. Pregnancy and lactation period
1 year after childbirth, 3 months after lactation
4. Period of menstruation
5 days from the end of menstruation
5. Vaccinations:
 
  • Inoculation with killed vaccines (hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, paratyphoid, cholera, influenza), toxoids
10 days10 days
  • vaccination with live vaccines (brucellosis, plague, tularemia, BCG vaccine, smallpox, rubella, oral poliomyelitis), administration of tetanus antitetan (in the absence of severe inflammation at the injection site)
1 month
  • the introduction of immunoglobulin against hepatitis B
1 year
  • vaccination against rabies
2 weeks
6. Taking medications:
 
  • antibiotics
2 weeks after the end of admission
  • analgesics, salicylates
3 days after the end of admission
7. Drinking alcohol
48 hours
8. Changes in biochemical parameters of blood:
 
  • increase in activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than 2 times
3 months
  • re-increase or increase of ALT 2 or more times
discharge from donation and referral for screening
  • dysproteinemia
1 month

Blood transfusion diseases - diseases resulting from blood transfusion

Transfusion - blood transfusion

If the donor has diseases that are not included in this list, the issue of admission to donation is decided by a doctor - a transfusiologist and the corresponding specialist (s).

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